The surgical treatment in dentistry is carried out with a specific set of instruments for each group of teeth. Constructions of elevators, Luxators and extracting forceps are maximally adapted of units of the upper and lower jaws.
Extraction of the tooth is carried out using several types of forceps and elevators. In each case, a required tool is strictly used to extract the tooth, which corresponds to its design to the structure of the tooth to be removed.
Types of Extraction ForcepsThe main classification of surgical forceps involves two main types:
- Root for extraction of one root only
- Coronal for extraction with a crown
In addition, the design of each type depends on the anatomical location of the tooth. It means different types of this instrument are used to extract a unit from the upper and lower jaw.
Root and Bayonets
The cheeks of this appliance should be narrow and close together. The model includes S-shape, bayonet, straight and lower root types. Each type of tool is used depending on the forced inclination of the work or on the desired angle between the axis of the handle and the foot”
Direct Option - the canines and incisors of the upper jaw are removed.
Bayonet - Upper molars and premolars.
Lower-Root - Extraction of any lower unit.
The variety of this type is used both for removing units of the lower jaw and the upper one. Each of the types also differs in the structure of the cheek, the shape of the handle and a certain angle. A crowned tooth is extracted with a device with non-overlapping claws of different width, depending on the size of the crown.
Elevators and Root Elevators
Another of the most common tool options for the extraction procedure. Provides the ability to remove roots and crowned teeth growing in the wrong direction. All types of tools are divided into wide, narrow and medium, depending on the width of the working area, as well as straight, curved and bayonet.
Straight Elevator: The straight elevator is indispensable for the extraction of the teeth of the upper jaw, the bayonet is often used to extract the eights, and the curved elevators are widely used in the work with the lower teeth.
Cryer Elevator: It differs from the previous type in a triangular cheek with a pointed apex. There are both right-handed and left-handed with typical design differences. The second name of the instrument is "goat's leg". The sharp top of the elevator helps to cleanse the carious cavity of pathogenic bacteria and dead particles of enamel and dentin.
Chisel of Cupland: It serves as a substitute for an elevator or positioning arm between the roots and the alveolar bone. This greatly facilitates removal by expanding the well.
Luxators: Awl-like design that easily penetrates the periodontium. This method provides minimal trauma when removed, which explains the growing popularity of this tool. The working area of the Luxator is carefully inserted under the gum, which ensures the expansion of the socket and the separation of the periodontium. This greatly facilitates the stages of tooth dislocation and extraction.
The use of the tool is shown in difficult cases. The list of such situations includes:
- Abnormal position of the roots of the tooth in relation to the jawbones.
- Strong periodontal ligament of the tooth.
- Impossibility of tooth extraction due to the insufficient filling of the hole with blood and air.
- Extraction of teeth in children.
Luxators are designed to prevent severe damage to the soft tissues of the tooth. For each element and its root, a tool of the appropriate size is selected. The working part of the Luxator is wound up as much as possible under the gum, as a result of which the vacuum that hinders the removal of the unit is eliminated.
To remove different types of teeth, doctors use certain instruments like the Periotome kit that best provide access to the roots of the element to be removed. During the procedure, it is important for the surgeon not only to choose the right instruments but also to comply with all antiseptic rules in order to eliminate the risk of complications in the future.
The above-mentioned different types of extracting forceps provides a clear idea about various dental instruments. Before purchasing one, it’s essential to consider several factors, so you can make a reliable decision and proceed with the accurate dental procedure. There are various dental extraction tools in the market that provide you with a number of possibilities in choosing the right instruments.
So, choose a reliable dental instrument supplier to add an effective comfort while checking your patients. Whether you're new in the market and looking for a high-skilled company to provide the desired result to your patients, TBS Dental brings a widest collection of extracting forceps for your clinic. Contact us if you need any kind of further assistance.